Machine Vision – What you need to know

What is Machine Vision?

Machine vision is the ability of a computer to see the environment. For example, a video camera runs with analog-to-digital conversion and digital screen processing. The image data is then sent to a computer or robot controller. Human eyes can sense the range of electromagnetic (EM) wavelengths from 390 to 770 nm. However, video cameras are responsive to wavelengths much broader than this, with some machine vision systems operating at X-ray, infrared, or ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths. Machine vision is connected to a computer’s ability to see.

A machine vision system uses a sensor in the robot for seeing and identifying a physical entity using a computer. Various industrial processes, including recognition of optical characters, material inspection, currency recognition, object recognition, pattern recognition, and electronic component analysis, use this system.

One of the easiest ways to understand a machine vision system is to consider it the eyes of a machine. A machine vision system is used to improve quality, efficiency, and operations.

Diagram of a typical machine vision system with deep learning for pharmaceutical manufacturing

Machine Vision vs. Computer Vision

Machine Vision System – What is it? How does Machine Vision work? Machine Vision Cameras What’s next? Need Computer Vision? Viso Suite is only all-in-one business platform to build and deliver computer vision without coding. Learn more. This article covers the most important topics around the field of machine vision. In particular, I will cover What is machine vision? An easy-to-understand definition Difference between machine vision and computer vision What is a machine vision system How does machine vision work? Components and process Machine vision cameras What is Machine Vision? Machine vision is the ability of a computer to see the environment. For example, a video camera runs with analog-to-digital conversion and digital screen processing. The image data is then sent to a computer or robot controller. Human eyes can sense the range of electromagnetic (EM) wavelengths from 390 to 770 nm. However, video cameras are responsive to wavelengths much broader than this, with some machine vision systems operating at X-ray, infrared, or ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths. Machine vision is connected to a computer’s ability to see. A machine vision system uses a sensor in the robot for seeing and identifying a physical entity using a computer. Various industrial processes, including recognition of optical characters, material inspection, currency recognition, object recognition, pattern recognition, and electronic component analysis, use this system. One of the easiest ways to understand a machine vision system is to consider it the eyes of a machine. A machine vision system is used to improve quality, efficiency, and operations. Diagram of a typical machine vision system with deep learning for pharmaceutical manufacturing Machine Vision vs. Computer Vision Computer vision and machine vision are overlapping technologies. A machine vision system needs a computer and a particular software tool to function, while computer vision doesn’t need to be linked to a machine. For example, computer vision can analyze images or videos online, along with images from motion detectors, infrared sensors, or other sources. The next megatrend is called Edge AI, moving computer vision from the cloud to the edge, in close proximity of the sensor where the data is gathered. Machine vision is a sub-class of computer vision.

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